Explore Braunton - The Most Biodiverse Parish in England

Glossary


Amphibians:  they have moist skin, no scales and lay eggs in jelly.

Biosphere:  all life on Earth and the inorganic materials associated with it.

Birds:  they are warm-blooded, have feathers and lay eggs with a hard shell.

Broadleaf:  broad, flat leaves of various shapes found on deciduous trees.

Canopy:  umbrella like arrangement of leaves and branches that sprout from the tree trunk.

Carnivore:  an animal that hunts and eats other animals.

Climax vegetation:  association of plants which colonise later in a succession and survive successfully in a particular environment.

Colonisation:  establishment of a group of living organisms in a new space, place or territory.

Community:  group of organisms living in the same habitat, which depend
on one another in various ways.

Competition:  struggle by organisms for space, water, food and shelter.
Composition:  lay out of piece of artwork.

Coniferous:  trees bearing needle shaped leaves, which they do not shed, so are evergreen.

Consumer:  animal which cannot produce (synthesise) food and so depends on other organisms for its food supply.

Coppicing:  cutting a tree down to ground level in order to encourage new growth.

Deciduous:  trees (plants) which shed their leaves in autumn.

Decomposer:  organism that completes the breakdown of other dead organisms.

Detritivore:  creature that feeds off detritus such as dead leaves.

Ecosystem:  a self supporting system, which includes all the organisms of an area together with the environment in which they live.

Environment:  the surroundings, including living and non-living that could possibly affect the organisms living in those surroundings.

Evergreen:  trees that have developed leaves to reduce water loss which are kept for 3 to 5 years.  They are not all shed in one go.

Flora:  flowering plants and trees.

Food chain:  links that connect the transfer of the sun’s energy.

Food web:  interconnection of several food chains.

Habitat:  space within which organisms live and reproduce.
Geese in Flight at Velator
Herbivore:  animal that feeds only on plants.

Invertebrate:  an animal without a backbone and often have a protective exoskeleton.

Jizz:  describes the personality and movement of birds or animals.

Mammals:  they are warm-blooded, have fur and produce milk for their young.

Native:  a species that is thought to have reached Britain since the ice age without the aid of man.

Organisms:  living things, plants, animals, fungi and microbes.

Photosynthesis:  process by which green plants use the sun’s energy to convert carbon dioxide and water into chemical energy (glucose).

Plantation:  plants (trees) deliberately planted by people as a crop.

Pollarding:  cutting down of a tree between 2 and 5 metres above ground level to encourage new growth.

Pollen:  fine yellow grain from the male reproductive structures of flowers that fertilise the female ovule.

Predator:  organism that hunts, kills and eats other organisms.

Producer:  green plant that traps the sun’s energy and produces (synthesises) food.

Quadrat:  unit of area within which data about organisms can be collected (can be square or circular).

Reptiles:  they have dry scaly skin, are cold blooded and lay eggs.

Respiration:  exchange of oxygen from the atmosphere with carbon dioxide when energy is released from stored food.

Seed:  the resulting formation of a fertilised ovule from which a new plant grows after germination.

Succession:  order in which new organisms become successfully established in a new place, space or territory.

Transect line:  line along which organisms can be counted and data collected.
Vertebrate:  an animal with a backbone.

 
explore braunton, the most biodiverse parish in england - a north devon aonb project